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All About the Brown Trout

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All About the Brown Trout

Photo by Brian Milne

The brown trout isn't exactly native to Northern America, but it's one of the most popular fish among American fly fishermen.

Brown trout (Salmo trutta) are considered native to Europe and Asia and can be identified by their brownish coloring and pink spots on the side and back.

Other popular species of trout include the golden trout, steelhead troutbrook trout and lake trout, to name a few.

Where to Find Them

Brown trout seem to prefer well-oxygenated creeks and streams with plenty of cover and pools, although trout also do well in food-rich backcountry lakes and rivers.

In general, trout feed near the bottom about 75 percent of the time.

Like the rainbow trout, their size generally relates to the size of the water they can be found in. Smaller creeks are usually home to smaller fish, while double-digit fish are common in large lakes.

The International Game Fish Association all-tackle record for the species is 40 pounds, 4 ounces, caught by Howard Collings on May 1992 at the Little Red River in Arkansas.

Here's a look at the other IGFA brown trout records by line class.

Tackle and Flies

For backcountry creeks and streams, a four-piece pack rod with an ultra light fly reel is a sufficient setup.

Browns typically prey on small minnows and aquatic insects. Fly fishermen should contact local fly-fishing guides for up-to-the-minute reports and fly patterns in-season.

Some popular trout flies include large streamers, the Muddler Minnow, Clouser Minnow or Wooly Bugger. Here are some more tips on where trout feed.

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